A critical step on the path to safety is the development and implementation of an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) to deal with sudden emergencies such as fire, severe weather, or earthquake. It is a written document required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.38(a). It is intended to organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies with the aim to prevent employee injury and minimize damage to the facility.
OSHA e-tool at
www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/evacuation/need.htmlhas a wealth of information to assist in putting together a plan that deals
with issues specific to your worksite. It involves taking what was learned from
a workplace evaluation and describing how
employees will respond to different types of emergencies, taking into account
your specific worksite layout, structural features, and emergency systems.
EAP must include:
Means of reporting emergencies;
procedures and emergency escape routes;
be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations;
account for employees after evacuation;
medical duties for those employees who are to perform them;
Names or job
titles of persons who can provide information or explanation of duties under
ninth step on the path to an effective safety program can positively impact
your productivity, the health and well-being of your employees, and a better
This article was written in conjunction
with participants in the OSHA and ASA Alliance. It does not necessarily reflect
the official views of OSHA or the U.S. Department of Labor.
Path to Safety: Step Nine
March 1, 2010