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In mobile homes, energy efficiency not only cuts energy waste, it can dramatically improve residents' economic stability. Average household incomes in mobile homes are 36% lower than the national household average, and 22% of mobile-home residents have incomes below the federal poverty line. For these families, energy efficiency can alleviate onerous utility bills, particularly among those living in extreme climates and aging homes.
“We found that energy costs are particularly salient for residents of manufactured homes,” said ACEEE Buildings Program Director Jennifer Amann. “For example, many are retirees living on fixed incomes. For these residents, energy savings yield immediately tangible benefits by freeing up cash for other uses.”
Unfortunately, capturing energy savings in the new housing market has proven difficult so far. Current energy codes are less stringent than those for site-built homes; emphasis on low first-cost has driven demand for low-efficiency homes and loans may be prohibitively expensive for homeowners seeking energy-efficient homes. Mortgages for manufactured homes are often personal property loans with high interest rates and short amortization schedules, exacerbating incremental costs for high-efficiency homes.
Barriers also are present to improving energy efficiency in existing homes. Retrofits in mobile homes are less common than in site-built homes because many homeowners lack the capital to undertake home improvements. And while the federal Weatherization Assistance Program provides retrofits to many low-income residents of mobile homes, many other residents with incomes above the maximum threshold still cannot afford to initiate their own renovations or buy a new energy-efficient home. This dilemma creates what is known as the “income sandwich,” which disadvantages those residents who fall between energy-efficiency programs designed for homeowners with either high or low incomes.
Still, there is reason for optimism regarding the future of the manufactured housing industry, according to Jacob Talbot, lead researcher for the report. “By using conventional building techniques like higher insulation values, energy-efficient windows and improved duct sealing, we can build manufactured homes with energy performance on par and even exceeding that of the site-built housing market. We found that high-efficiency heating and cooling equipment, lighting and appliances can save substantial amounts of energy as well.”
Bringing these energy-efficient products and practices to market will require a multi-pronged approach. Upfront cost of energy-efficient technologies is a significant hurdle for consumers and advanced building techniques are not mainstream. Updated energy codes, traditional mortgage rates for home buyers, financial incentives for buyers and manufacturers of Energy Star-qualified homes, and low- or no-cost retrofit programs for existing homes are all recommended in the report as strategies to capitalize on the large potential for energy savings.
Source: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy